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Greece - Drachmas coins

MODERN GREEK COINS, Greek drachmas, Drachma coins , official blister from the Bank of Greece The drachma has been the Greek national currency from 1833 to 2001. On 1 January 2001 the drachma has been replaced by the euro, initially in scriptural form only. Following the introduction of euro banknotes andcoins on 1 January 2002, drachma notes and coins ceased to be legaltender on 28 February 2002. The last drachma-denominated notes andcoins are displayed in this section.50 Drachmas Metallic Composition:  Copper 92%  year of first issue: 1986  ANCIENT GREEK VESSEL  HOMER  50 DRACHMAS COMMEMORATIVE COINS 150 Years Constitutional Life (1844-1994)  Metallic Composition: Year of first issue: 1994  GREEK PARLIAMENT  D. KALLERGIS   Metallic Composition: Diameter: 27,50 mm Weight: 9 gr. Year of first issue: 1994 GREEK PARLIAMENT I. MAKRIYANNIS 200 Years since the Death of Regas Fereos-Velestinlis (1798-1998)  Metallic Composition:  Diameter: 27,50 mm   weight: 9 gr.  Year of first issue: 1998 NATIONAL EMBLEM  R. FEREOS - VELESTINLIS  200 Years since the bearth of Dionysios Solomos (1798-1998)  Metallic Composition: Diameter: 27,50 mm  NATIONAL EMBLEM  D. SOLOMOS 500 Drachmas     LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES  ANCIENT OLYMPIA THE STADIUM   LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES  THE OLYMPIC CHAMPION  Year of first issue: 2000  LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES  BARON PIERRE DE COUBERTIN DIMITRIOS VIKELAS     Year of first issue: 2000  LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES  THE OLYMPIC CHAMPION SPYROS LOUIS    Year of first issue: 2000  LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES  THE OLYMPIC FLAME LIGHTING CEREMONY    Year of first issue: 2000  LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004  OLYMPIC GAMES   THE COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL  OF THE 1896 OLYMPICS   Greek drachma  Greek drachma   ελληνική δραχμή (Greek)   Drachmas Coins   1/100 leptοn   Symbol Δρχ., Δρ. or ₯  Coins   Freq. used 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 Δρ.   Rarely used 10c, 20c, 50c, 1 and 2 Δρ.Banknotes 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000, 10000 Δρ.   Central bank Bank of Greece  Bank of Greece  Mint Bank of Greece  This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.   Drachma, pl. drachmas or drachmae (δραχμή, pl. δραχμές or δραχμαί (until 1982)) is the name of the currency used in Greece during several periods in its history:  An ancient currency unit found in many Greek city states and successor states, and in many South-West Asian kingdoms of the Hellenistic era.  Three modern Greek currencies, the first introduced in 1832 and the last replaced by the euro in 2001 (at the rate of 340.750 drachma to the euro). The euro did not begin circulating until 2002 but the exchange rate was fixed on 19 June 2000, with legal introduction of the euro taking place in January 2002.  1 Ancient drachma  1.1 Value of the ancient drachma  1.2 Historic currency divisions  2 Modern drachma  2.1 First modern drachma, 1832-1944   2.1.1 Coins  2.1.2 Notes   2.2 Second modern drachma, 1944-1954  2.3 Third modern drachma, 1954-2002  2.3.1 Coins  2.3.2 Banknotes   Ancient drachma   The name drachma is derived from the verb "δράττω" (dráttō, "to grasp").[1] Initially a drachma was a fistful (a "grasp") of six oboloi (metal sticks), which were used as a form of currency as early as 1100 BC. It was the standard unit of silver coinage at most ancient Greek mints, and the name 'obol' was used to describe a coin that was one-sixth of a drachma. The notion that "drachma" derived from the word for fistful apparently dates at least to Herakleides of Pontos (387-312 BCE) but the metrologist Livio C. Stecchini argued that drachma was instead a word of semitic origin. Stecchini was often out of the mainstream. His argument seems plausible (see www.metrum.org) but remains obscure.  The 5th century BC Athenian tetradrachmon ("four drachmae") coin was the most widely used coin in the Greek world prior to the time of Alexander the Great. It featured the helmeted profile bust of Athena on the obverse (front) and an owl on the reverse (back). In daily use they were called γλαῦκαι glaukai (owls), hence the phrase Γλαῦκ’ Ἀθήναζε, 'an owl to Athens', referring to something that was in plentiful supply, like 'coals to Newcastle'. The reverse is featured on the national side of the modern Greek 1 euro coin.  Drachmas were minted on different weight standards at different Greek mints. The standard that came to be most commonly used was the Athenian or Attic one, which weighed a little over 4.3 grams.   After Alexander the Great's conquests, the name drachma was used in many of the Hellenistic kingdoms in the Middle East, including the Ptolemaic kingdom in Alexandria. The Arabic unit of currency known as dirham (in the Arabic language, درهم), known from pre-Islamic times and afterwards, inherited its name from the drachma; the dirham is still the name of the official currencies of Morocco and the United Arab Emirates. The Armenian dram also derives its name from the drachma.  Value of the ancient drachma Drachma from Lucania, c. 535–510 BCTetradrachm from Athens about 450 BC.It is generally considered very hard or even meaningless to come up with comparative exchange rates with modern currency due to the fact that the range of products produced by economies of centuries gone by were very different from today, which makes Purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations very difficult. However, some historians and economists have estimated that in the 5th century BC a drachma had a rough value of 25 U.S. dollars (in the year 1990 - equivalent to 38 USD in 2006[2]), whereas classical historians regularly say that in the heyday of ancient Greece (the fifth and fourth centuries) the daily wage for a skilled worker or a hoplite[3] was one drachma, and for a heliast (juror) half a drachma since 425 BC.[4] Modern commentators derived from Xenophon[5] that half a drachma per day (360 days per year) would provide "a comfortable subsistence" for "the poor citizens" (for the head of a household in 355 BC). Earlier in 422 BC, we also see in Aristophanes (Wasps, line 300-302) that the daily half-drachma of a juror is just enough for the daily subsistence of a family of three.   As a rule of thumb, a modern person might think of one drachma as the rough equivalent of a skilled worker's daily pay in the place where they live (which could be as low as $1 USD, or as high as $100 USD, depending on the country). Perhaps the most appropriate comparison is that with modern-day Athens, where a skilled worker without a university degree earns approximately €40 per day, net of taxes.   Fractions and multiples of the drachma were minted by many states, most notably in Ptolemaic Egypt, which minted large coins in gold, silver and bronze.  Notable Ptolemaic coins included the gold pentadrachm and octadrachm, and silver tetradrachm, decadrachm and pentakaidecadrachm. This was especially noteworthy as it would not be until the introduction of the Guldengroschen in 1486 that coins of substantial size (particularly in silver) would be minted in significant quantities. For the Roman successors of the drachma, see Roman provincial coins. Historic currency divisions   8 chalkoi = 1 obolus  6 obolus = 1 drachma 100 drachma = 1 mina (or mna)  60 minae = 1 Athenian Talent (Athenian standard)  Minae and talents were never actually minted: they represented weight measures used for commodities (e.g. grain) as well as metals like silver or gold.  Modern drachma   Frst modern drachma, 1832-1944 The drachma was reintroduced in 1832, soon after the establishment of the modern state of Greece. It replaced the phoenix at par. The drachma was subdivided into 100 lepton (λεπτά, singular lepton, λεπτόν). Coins The first coinage consisted of copper denominations of 1, 2, 5 and 10 lepta, silver denominations of ¼, ½, 1 and 5 drachmae and a gold 20 drachmae. The drachma coin weighed 4.5 g and contained 90% silver, with the 20 drachmae coin containing 5.8 g of gold. In 1868, Greece joined the Latin Monetary Union and the drachma became equal in weight and value to the French franc. The new coinage issued consisted of copper 1, 2, 5 and 10 lepta coins (with the 5 lepta coin bearing the name obolos (οβολός) and the 10 lepta, diobolon (διώβολον)), silver coins of 20 and 50 lepta, 1, 2 and 5 drachmae and gold coins of 5, 10 and 20 drachmae. (Very small numbers of gold 50 and 100 drachmae coins were also issued.) In 1894, cupro-nickel 5, 10 and 20 lepta coins were introduced, the 1 lepton and 2 lepta having not been issued since the late 1870s. Silver coins of 1 and 2 Drachmai were last issued in 1911 and no coins were issued between 1912 and 1922, during which time the Latin Monetary Union collapsed due to World War I. Between 1926 and 1930, a new coinage was introduced for the new Hellenic Republic consisting of cupro-nickel 20 and 50 lepta, 1 and 2 drachmae, nickel 5 drachmae and silver 10 and 20 drachmae coins. These were the last coins issued for the first modern drachma, with none being issued for the second. Notes In 1841, notes were issued by the National Bank of Greece until 1928, when the Bank of Greece was created. Early denominations ranged from 10 up to 500 drachmae. Smaller denominations (1, 2 and 5 drachmae) were issued from 1885, with the first 5 drachmae notes being made by cutting 10 drachmae notes in half. Between 1917 and 1920, the Greek government issued paper money in denominations of 10 lepta, 50 lepta, 1, 2, and 5 drachmae. 1000 drachmae notes were introduced by the National Bank of Greece in 1901, followed by 5000 drachmae notes by the Bank of Greece after 1928. The Greek government again issued notes between 1940 and 1944, in denominations between 50 lepta and 20 drachmae. During the German occupation of Greece (1941–1944), catastrophic hyperinflation and Nazi looting of the Greek treasury caused much higher denominations to be issued, culminating in 100 trillion drachmae notes in 1944.   Second modern drachma, 1944-1954  In November 1944, after liberation from Germany, old drachmae were exchanged for new ones at the rate of 50,000,000,000 to 1. Only paper money was issued. The government issued notes of 1, 5, 10 and 20 drachmae with the Bank of Greece issuing 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000, and 10,000 drachmae notes. This drachma also suffered from high inflation. Later government issues were of 100, 500, and 1000 drachmae, whilst the Bank of Greece issued 20,000 and 50,000 drachmae notes.   Third modern drachma, 1954-2002 In 1953, in an effort to halt inflation, Greece joined the Bretton Woods system. In 1954 the drachma was revalued for a second time at a rate of 1000 to 1. The new currency was pegged at 30 drachmae = 1 US dollar. In 1973, the Bretton Woods System was abolished; over the next 25 years the official exchange rate gradually declined, reaching 400 GRD = 1 USD. It was officially replaced by the euro on January 1, 2002, and has not been legal tender since March 1, 2002.   Coins The first issue of coins minted in 1954 consisted of holed, aluminium 5, 10 and 20 lepta, cupro-nickel 50 lepta, 1, 2, 5 and 10 drachmae pieces. A silver 20 drachmae piece was issued in 1960 replacing the banknote of that same value. The 50 lepta coin to the 20 Drachmae coin carried a portrait of King Paul (1947 - 1964). New coins were introduced from 1966 which saw a new portrait of King Constantine II (1964 - 1974) for the 50 lepta coins to the 10 Drachmae. The reverse of all of the circulation coins were altered in 1971 to reflect the Military Junta which were in power from 1967 to 1974. This design included a standing soldier in front of the flames of the rising phoenix. A 20 Drachmae coin minted in cupro-nickel with an image of Europa on the obverse was issued in 1973. In the latter part of 1973, several new coin types were introduced: unholed, aluminium 10 and 20 lepta, nickel-brass 50 lepta, 1 and 2 drachmae and cupro-nickel 5, 10 and 20 drachmae. These provisional coins carrying the design of the phoenix rising from the flame on the obverse, were issued with the country's new designation as the "Hellenic Republic" and replaced the coins also issued in 1973 as the Kingdom of Greece and still carrying King Constantine II's portrait. A new series of all 8 denominations was introduced in 1976 and carried images of early national heros on the smaller values. Cupro-nickel 50 drachmae were introduced in 1980. In 1982, the spelling of the plural of drachma was changed from drachmae (δραχμαί) to drachmas (δραχμές). In 1986, nickel-brass 50 drachmas coins were introduced, followed by copper 1 and 2 drachmas in 1988 and nickel-brass 20 and 100 drachmas in 1990. In 2000 a set of 6 Olympic games themed 500 drachmas coins was issued.  Coins in circulation at the time of the adoption of the euro were 1 drachma (€0.0029)1  2 drachmas (€0.0059)1 5 drachmas (€0.0147) 10 drachmas (€0.0293)  20 drachmas (€0.0587) 50 drachmas (€0.147)  100 drachmas (€0.293) 500 drachmas (€1.47) 1 Minted but rarely used. Usually, prices were rounded up to the next multiple of 10 drachmas. 1 drachma during the Greek Military Junta period   100 drachma coins - obverse   100 drachma coins - reverse   500 drachma coins - obverse 500 drachma coins - reverse  Banknotes  The first issues of banknotes were in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 drachmae, soon followed by 100, 500 and 1000 drachmae by 1956. 5000 drachmas notes were introduced in 1984, followed by 10,000 drachmas in 1995 and 200 drachmas in 1997.  Banknotes in circulation at the time of the adoption of the euro  were 100 drachmas, Athena, Adamantios Korais (€0.2935)  200 drachmas, Rigas Feraios (€0.5869)  500 drachmas, Ioannis Capodistrias (€1.47) 1000 drachmas, Apollo (€2.93)  5000 drachmas, Theodoros Kolokotronis (€14.67) 10,000 drachmas, George Papanicolaou, Asclepius (€29.35)   Greek 10 lepta coins   Lepton (plural lepta) is the name of various fractional units of currency used in the Greek-speaking world from antiquity until today. The word means "small" or "thin", and during classical and Hellenistic times a lepton was always a small value coin, usually the smallest available denomination of another currency. In modern Greece, lepton (modern form: lepto) is the name of the 1/100 denomination of all the official currencies of the Greek state: The phoenix (1827 – 1832), the drachma (1832 – 2001) and the euro (2002 – current). The following 10 lepta coins have circulated in Greece until the introduction of the Common European Currency on January 1, 2002:   Greek  1 drachma coins   The name drachma is derived from the verb dratto ("to grasp"), as initially a drachma was a fistful (a "grasp") of six oboloi (metal sticks), which were used as a form of currency as early as 1100 BC. The 5th century BC Athenian tetradrachmon ("four drachmae") coin was the most widely used coin in the Greek world prior to the time of Alexander the Great.   After Alexander the Great's conquests, the name drachma was used in many of the Hellenistic kingdoms in the Middle East, including the Ptolemaic kingdom in Alexandria. The Arabic unit of currency known as dirham known from pre-Islamic times and afterwards, inherited its name from the drachma; the dirham is still the name of the official currencies of Morocco and the United Arab Emirates. The Armenian dram also derives its name from the drachma. 

Greece - Drachmas coins

MODERN GREEK COINS, Greek drachmas, Drachma coins , official blister from the Bank of Greece The drachma has been the Greek national currency from 1833 to 2001. On 1 January 2001 the drachma has been replaced by the euro, initially in scriptural form only. Following the introduction of euro banknotes andcoins on 1 January 2002, drachma notes and coins ceased to be legaltender on 28 February 2002. The last drachma-denominated notes andcoins are displayed in this section.50 Drachmas Metallic Composition:  Copper 92%  year of first issue: 1986  ANCIENT GREEK VESSEL  HOMER  50 DRACHMAS COMMEMORATIVE COINS 150 Years Constitutional Life (1844-1994)  Metallic Composition: Year of first issue: 1994  GREEK PARLIAMENT  D. KALLERGIS   Metallic Composition: Diameter: 27,50 mm Weight: 9 gr. Year of first issue: 1994 GREEK PARLIAMENT I. MAKRIYANNIS 200 Years since the Death of Regas Fereos-Velestinlis (1798-1998)  Metallic Composition:  Diameter: 27,50 mm   weight: 9 gr.  Year of first issue: 1998 NATIONAL EMBLEM  R. FEREOS - VELESTINLIS  200 Years since the bearth of Dionysios Solomos (1798-1998)  Metallic Composition: Diameter: 27,50 mm  NATIONAL EMBLEM  D. SOLOMOS 500 Drachmas     LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES  ANCIENT OLYMPIA THE STADIUM   LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES  THE OLYMPIC CHAMPION  Year of first issue: 2000  LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES  BARON PIERRE DE COUBERTIN DIMITRIOS VIKELAS     Year of first issue: 2000  LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES  THE OLYMPIC CHAMPION SPYROS LOUIS    Year of first issue: 2000  LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES  THE OLYMPIC FLAME LIGHTING CEREMONY    Year of first issue: 2000  LOGO OF THE ATHENS 2004  OLYMPIC GAMES   THE COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL  OF THE 1896 OLYMPICS   Greek drachma  Greek drachma   ελληνική δραχμή (Greek)   Drachmas Coins   1/100 leptοn   Symbol Δρχ., Δρ. or ₯  Coins   Freq. used 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 Δρ.   Rarely used 10c, 20c, 50c, 1 and 2 Δρ.Banknotes 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000, 10000 Δρ.   Central bank Bank of Greece  Bank of Greece  Mint Bank of Greece  This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.   Drachma, pl. drachmas or drachmae (δραχμή, pl. δραχμές or δραχμαί (until 1982)) is the name of the currency used in Greece during several periods in its history:  An ancient currency unit found in many Greek city states and successor states, and in many South-West Asian kingdoms of the Hellenistic era.  Three modern Greek currencies, the first introduced in 1832 and the last replaced by the euro in 2001 (at the rate of 340.750 drachma to the euro). The euro did not begin circulating until 2002 but the exchange rate was fixed on 19 June 2000, with legal introduction of the euro taking place in January 2002.  1 Ancient drachma  1.1 Value of the ancient drachma  1.2 Historic currency divisions  2 Modern drachma  2.1 First modern drachma, 1832-1944   2.1.1 Coins  2.1.2 Notes   2.2 Second modern drachma, 1944-1954  2.3 Third modern drachma, 1954-2002  2.3.1 Coins  2.3.2 Banknotes   Ancient drachma   The name drachma is derived from the verb "δράττω" (dráttō, "to grasp").[1] Initially a drachma was a fistful (a "grasp") of six oboloi (metal sticks), which were used as a form of currency as early as 1100 BC. It was the standard unit of silver coinage at most ancient Greek mints, and the name 'obol' was used to describe a coin that was one-sixth of a drachma. The notion that "drachma" derived from the word for fistful apparently dates at least to Herakleides of Pontos (387-312 BCE) but the metrologist Livio C. Stecchini argued that drachma was instead a word of semitic origin. Stecchini was often out of the mainstream. His argument seems plausible (see www.metrum.org) but remains obscure.  The 5th century BC Athenian tetradrachmon ("four drachmae") coin was the most widely used coin in the Greek world prior to the time of Alexander the Great. It featured the helmeted profile bust of Athena on the obverse (front) and an owl on the reverse (back). In daily use they were called γλαῦκαι glaukai (owls), hence the phrase Γλαῦκ’ Ἀθήναζε, 'an owl to Athens', referring to something that was in plentiful supply, like 'coals to Newcastle'. The reverse is featured on the national side of the modern Greek 1 euro coin.  Drachmas were minted on different weight standards at different Greek mints. The standard that came to be most commonly used was the Athenian or Attic one, which weighed a little over 4.3 grams.   After Alexander the Great's conquests, the name drachma was used in many of the Hellenistic kingdoms in the Middle East, including the Ptolemaic kingdom in Alexandria. The Arabic unit of currency known as dirham (in the Arabic language, درهم), known from pre-Islamic times and afterwards, inherited its name from the drachma; the dirham is still the name of the official currencies of Morocco and the United Arab Emirates. The Armenian dram also derives its name from the drachma.  Value of the ancient drachma Drachma from Lucania, c. 535–510 BCTetradrachm from Athens about 450 BC.It is generally considered very hard or even meaningless to come up with comparative exchange rates with modern currency due to the fact that the range of products produced by economies of centuries gone by were very different from today, which makes Purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations very difficult. However, some historians and economists have estimated that in the 5th century BC a drachma had a rough value of 25 U.S. dollars (in the year 1990 - equivalent to 38 USD in 2006[2]), whereas classical historians regularly say that in the heyday of ancient Greece (the fifth and fourth centuries) the daily wage for a skilled worker or a hoplite[3] was one drachma, and for a heliast (juror) half a drachma since 425 BC.[4] Modern commentators derived from Xenophon[5] that half a drachma per day (360 days per year) would provide "a comfortable subsistence" for "the poor citizens" (for the head of a household in 355 BC). Earlier in 422 BC, we also see in Aristophanes (Wasps, line 300-302) that the daily half-drachma of a juror is just enough for the daily subsistence of a family of three.   As a rule of thumb, a modern person might think of one drachma as the rough equivalent of a skilled worker's daily pay in the place where they live (which could be as low as $1 USD, or as high as $100 USD, depending on the country). Perhaps the most appropriate comparison is that with modern-day Athens, where a skilled worker without a university degree earns approximately €40 per day, net of taxes.   Fractions and multiples of the drachma were minted by many states, most notably in Ptolemaic Egypt, which minted large coins in gold, silver and bronze.  Notable Ptolemaic coins included the gold pentadrachm and octadrachm, and silver tetradrachm, decadrachm and pentakaidecadrachm. This was especially noteworthy as it would not be until the introduction of the Guldengroschen in 1486 that coins of substantial size (particularly in silver) would be minted in significant quantities. For the Roman successors of the drachma, see Roman provincial coins. Historic currency divisions   8 chalkoi = 1 obolus  6 obolus = 1 drachma 100 drachma = 1 mina (or mna)  60 minae = 1 Athenian Talent (Athenian standard)  Minae and talents were never actually minted: they represented weight measures used for commodities (e.g. grain) as well as metals like silver or gold.  Modern drachma   Frst modern drachma, 1832-1944 The drachma was reintroduced in 1832, soon after the establishment of the modern state of Greece. It replaced the phoenix at par. The drachma was subdivided into 100 lepton (λεπτά, singular lepton, λεπτόν). Coins The first coinage consisted of copper denominations of 1, 2, 5 and 10 lepta, silver denominations of ¼, ½, 1 and 5 drachmae and a gold 20 drachmae. The drachma coin weighed 4.5 g and contained 90% silver, with the 20 drachmae coin containing 5.8 g of gold. In 1868, Greece joined the Latin Monetary Union and the drachma became equal in weight and value to the French franc. The new coinage issued consisted of copper 1, 2, 5 and 10 lepta coins (with the 5 lepta coin bearing the name obolos (οβολός) and the 10 lepta, diobolon (διώβολον)), silver coins of 20 and 50 lepta, 1, 2 and 5 drachmae and gold coins of 5, 10 and 20 drachmae. (Very small numbers of gold 50 and 100 drachmae coins were also issued.) In 1894, cupro-nickel 5, 10 and 20 lepta coins were introduced, the 1 lepton and 2 lepta having not been issued since the late 1870s. Silver coins of 1 and 2 Drachmai were last issued in 1911 and no coins were issued between 1912 and 1922, during which time the Latin Monetary Union collapsed due to World War I. Between 1926 and 1930, a new coinage was introduced for the new Hellenic Republic consisting of cupro-nickel 20 and 50 lepta, 1 and 2 drachmae, nickel 5 drachmae and silver 10 and 20 drachmae coins. These were the last coins issued for the first modern drachma, with none being issued for the second. Notes In 1841, notes were issued by the National Bank of Greece until 1928, when the Bank of Greece was created. Early denominations ranged from 10 up to 500 drachmae. Smaller denominations (1, 2 and 5 drachmae) were issued from 1885, with the first 5 drachmae notes being made by cutting 10 drachmae notes in half. Between 1917 and 1920, the Greek government issued paper money in denominations of 10 lepta, 50 lepta, 1, 2, and 5 drachmae. 1000 drachmae notes were introduced by the National Bank of Greece in 1901, followed by 5000 drachmae notes by the Bank of Greece after 1928. The Greek government again issued notes between 1940 and 1944, in denominations between 50 lepta and 20 drachmae. During the German occupation of Greece (1941–1944), catastrophic hyperinflation and Nazi looting of the Greek treasury caused much higher denominations to be issued, culminating in 100 trillion drachmae notes in 1944.   Second modern drachma, 1944-1954  In November 1944, after liberation from Germany, old drachmae were exchanged for new ones at the rate of 50,000,000,000 to 1. Only paper money was issued. The government issued notes of 1, 5, 10 and 20 drachmae with the Bank of Greece issuing 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000, and 10,000 drachmae notes. This drachma also suffered from high inflation. Later government issues were of 100, 500, and 1000 drachmae, whilst the Bank of Greece issued 20,000 and 50,000 drachmae notes.   Third modern drachma, 1954-2002 In 1953, in an effort to halt inflation, Greece joined the Bretton Woods system. In 1954 the drachma was revalued for a second time at a rate of 1000 to 1. The new currency was pegged at 30 drachmae = 1 US dollar. In 1973, the Bretton Woods System was abolished; over the next 25 years the official exchange rate gradually declined, reaching 400 GRD = 1 USD. It was officially replaced by the euro on January 1, 2002, and has not been legal tender since March 1, 2002.   Coins The first issue of coins minted in 1954 consisted of holed, aluminium 5, 10 and 20 lepta, cupro-nickel 50 lepta, 1, 2, 5 and 10 drachmae pieces. A silver 20 drachmae piece was issued in 1960 replacing the banknote of that same value. The 50 lepta coin to the 20 Drachmae coin carried a portrait of King Paul (1947 - 1964). New coins were introduced from 1966 which saw a new portrait of King Constantine II (1964 - 1974) for the 50 lepta coins to the 10 Drachmae. The reverse of all of the circulation coins were altered in 1971 to reflect the Military Junta which were in power from 1967 to 1974. This design included a standing soldier in front of the flames of the rising phoenix. A 20 Drachmae coin minted in cupro-nickel with an image of Europa on the obverse was issued in 1973. In the latter part of 1973, several new coin types were introduced: unholed, aluminium 10 and 20 lepta, nickel-brass 50 lepta, 1 and 2 drachmae and cupro-nickel 5, 10 and 20 drachmae. These provisional coins carrying the design of the phoenix rising from the flame on the obverse, were issued with the country's new designation as the "Hellenic Republic" and replaced the coins also issued in 1973 as the Kingdom of Greece and still carrying King Constantine II's portrait. A new series of all 8 denominations was introduced in 1976 and carried images of early national heros on the smaller values. Cupro-nickel 50 drachmae were introduced in 1980. In 1982, the spelling of the plural of drachma was changed from drachmae (δραχμαί) to drachmas (δραχμές). In 1986, nickel-brass 50 drachmas coins were introduced, followed by copper 1 and 2 drachmas in 1988 and nickel-brass 20 and 100 drachmas in 1990. In 2000 a set of 6 Olympic games themed 500 drachmas coins was issued.  Coins in circulation at the time of the adoption of the euro were 1 drachma (€0.0029)1  2 drachmas (€0.0059)1 5 drachmas (€0.0147) 10 drachmas (€0.0293)  20 drachmas (€0.0587) 50 drachmas (€0.147)  100 drachmas (€0.293) 500 drachmas (€1.47) 1 Minted but rarely used. Usually, prices were rounded up to the next multiple of 10 drachmas. 1 drachma during the Greek Military Junta period   100 drachma coins - obverse   100 drachma coins - reverse   500 drachma coins - obverse 500 drachma coins - reverse  Banknotes  The first issues of banknotes were in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 drachmae, soon followed by 100, 500 and 1000 drachmae by 1956. 5000 drachmas notes were introduced in 1984, followed by 10,000 drachmas in 1995 and 200 drachmas in 1997.  Banknotes in circulation at the time of the adoption of the euro  were 100 drachmas, Athena, Adamantios Korais (€0.2935)  200 drachmas, Rigas Feraios (€0.5869)  500 drachmas, Ioannis Capodistrias (€1.47) 1000 drachmas, Apollo (€2.93)  5000 drachmas, Theodoros Kolokotronis (€14.67) 10,000 drachmas, George Papanicolaou, Asclepius (€29.35)   Greek 10 lepta coins   Lepton (plural lepta) is the name of various fractional units of currency used in the Greek-speaking world from antiquity until today. The word means "small" or "thin", and during classical and Hellenistic times a lepton was always a small value coin, usually the smallest available denomination of another currency. In modern Greece, lepton (modern form: lepto) is the name of the 1/100 denomination of all the official currencies of the Greek state: The phoenix (1827 – 1832), the drachma (1832 – 2001) and the euro (2002 – current). The following 10 lepta coins have circulated in Greece until the introduction of the Common European Currency on January 1, 2002:   Greek  1 drachma coins   The name drachma is derived from the verb dratto ("to grasp"), as initially a drachma was a fistful (a "grasp") of six oboloi (metal sticks), which were used as a form of currency as early as 1100 BC. The 5th century BC Athenian tetradrachmon ("four drachmae") coin was the most widely used coin in the Greek world prior to the time of Alexander the Great.   After Alexander the Great's conquests, the name drachma was used in many of the Hellenistic kingdoms in the Middle East, including the Ptolemaic kingdom in Alexandria. The Arabic unit of currency known as dirham known from pre-Islamic times and afterwards, inherited its name from the drachma; the dirham is still the name of the official currencies of Morocco and the United Arab Emirates. The Armenian dram also derives its name from the drachma. 

WORLD COINS

Greece - 5 lepta UNC, 1971 (RARE)

Modern Greek coins, drachmas, 5 lepta Uncirculated, minted in 1971. Obv: Center hole within crowned wreath. Rev: Grain sprigs left of center hole. Diameter - 20mm. Weight - 0.9gr. Mintage 1,002,174 pieces

Price: 4,50 €
Greece - 50 lepta UNC, Markos Mpotsaris, 1976

Coins of the Hellenic Republic. Modern Greek coins, drachmas, 50 lepta Uncirculated, Markos Mpotsaris, dated 1976, the first year of circulation.

Price: 4,50 €
Greece - 10 drachmas coin UNC, Democritus, 1976

Modern Greek coins, drachmas, 10 drachma coin Uncirculated, Democritus, minted in 1976, the first year of circulation.

Price: 4,50 €
Greece - 50 lepta UNC, Markos Mpotsaris, 1980

Modern Greek coins, drachmas, 50 lepta Uncirculated, Markos Mpotsaris

Price: 4,50 €
Greece - 50 lepta UNC, Markos Mpotsaris, 1978

Modern Greek coins, drachmas, 50 lepta Uncirculated, Markos Mpotsaris

Price: 4,50 €
Greece - 5 drachmas coin UNC, Aristotle, 1976

Modern Greek coins, drachmas, 5 drachma coin Uncirculated, Aristotle, first minted in 1976

Price: 4,50 €
Greece - 50 drachmas coin AU, Solon, 1980

Modern Greek coins, drachmas, 50 drachma coin, About Uncirculated (AU), Solon, minted in 1980. Diametre 31 mm, weight 12g

Price: 10,50 €
Greece - 10 drachmas coin UNC, Democritus, 1978

Modern Greek coins, drachmas, 10 drachma coin Uncirculated, Democritus, minted in 1978

Price: 4,50 €
Greece - 20 lepta UNC, Horse, 1976

Modern Greek coins, drachmas, 20 lepta Uncirculated, the Bull minted in 1976

Price: 4,50 €
Greece - 10 lepta UNC, Βull, 1978

Modern Greek coins, drachmas, 10 lepta Uncirculated, the Bull minted in 1978

Price: 4,50 €