San Marino - 5 Euro Silver BU, MELCHIORRE DELFICO, 2006
Melchiorre Delfico. The philosopher, originally from Teramo, is a splendid figure of an intellectual of whom the Republic of San Marino can be proud; he lived for many years on Mount Titano, where he fled for political reasons. Melchiorre Delfico was born on August 1, 1744 in Legnano, near Teramo. He was famous and esteemed for his writings against privilege and feudal rights, acclaimed and patronized by the king in person, Ferdinand IV of Bourbon. But in 1798, when the French were about to invade, Delfico, who had expressed opinions favorable to the French, fell in disgrace and was even placed under house arrest for three months. Released by the French after they occupied Teramo, Delfico was put in charge of the municipality. This political situation only lasted a short time, however, and already in mid-1799 the Bourbon forces reoccupied Teramo and our hero was forced to flee, and seek refuge on the slopes of Mount Titano. He came there at the end of 1799, under the alias of Carlo Cauti, and lived there for seven years which, in the heart and memories of Delfico, were years of carefree, tranquil serenity. And Delfico returned the affection of the people of San Marino by taking an interest in its public life and placing his political influence and skills at the service of the Republic. From the scientific viewpoint, Delfico's gratitude was concretely expressed in his “Historical Memoir of the Republic of San Marino”, based on his painstaking research in the local archives. On January 24, 1802 he became a noble citizen of the Republic. He only set foot once more in San Marino on October 25, 1809. Once again he was able to do the little republic a favor when Joaquin Murat, in 1814, attempted to establish an autonomous government of northern Italy, preventing the republic from being absorbed by it. After the defeat of Murat, Ferdinand IV of Bourbon took control once again of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, but Delfico, this time, was unaffected by the political changes, and was confirmed in his office as president of the general commission of the archives. He published a number of works including “New studies on beauty”. He died on June 21, 1835 of apoplexy.
Issue year: 2006
Face Value: 5 Euro