THE TEMPLE OF POSEIDON AT SOUNION. Cape Sounion, one of the most iconic landmarks of
Attica, is closely associated with Athenian mythology.
According to legend, this is where king Aegeus leapt
to his death, mistakenly believing that his son Theseus
had perished in Crete. The most important monument
at Sounion is the Doric temple of Poseidon, built
from locally quarried marble around 444-440 BC.
The temple had 34 columns, only 15 of which still
stand today. It is most probably the work of the same
architect who designed the Theseum, the Temple
of Ares in Acharnae and the Temple of Nemesis in
Rhamnous, given the strong similarities between the
four temples. The temple featured a frieze depicting
the Battle of the Centaurs, the Battle of the Giants
and the labours of Theseus. Owing to its spectacular
position, the temple has been admired and repeatedly
depicted by travellers and artists, and continues to
attract thousands of visitors every year.
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