Simone Annie Liline Veil, DBE (1927 – 2017) was a French lawyer and politician who served as Minister of Health under Valery Giscard d'Estaing, President of the European Parliament and member of the Constitutional Council of France. A survivor from the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp where she lost part of her family during the Holocaust; she served as the first president of the Fondation pour la Memoire de la Shoah, from 2000 to 2007, and subsequently as honorary president. She was elected to the Academie francaise in November 2008. She was best known for pushing forward the law legalizing abortion in France on 17 January 1975.
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